radiograph showing jaw fracture after tooth extractionWhen a jaw fracture after tooth extraction occurs, it can lead to serious complications and potential legal issues. This type of injury is often the result of dental malpractice or negligence during the extraction procedure.

The aftermath of such an incident not only includes physical pain but also emotional distress and financial burden due to medical expenses. In the worst scenarios, the doctor fractures the patient's jaw, and the patient develops osteomyelitis as a result, and this can lead to hundreds of thousands of dollars in jaw reconstructive surgery. Thus, it's crucial for patients who have experienced a broken jaw or a jaw fracture after tooth extraction to understand their rights and possible legal recourse.

In Florida, victims may seek compensation through a personal injury claim or wrongful death claim against a negligent dentist. This article will delve into understanding jaw fractures related to tooth extractions, recognizing symptoms early on, prevention measures against further damage, as well as exploring your legal options in case you become a victim of dental malpractice.

Risk Factors for Jaw Fracture After Tooth Extraction

Understanding the risk factors that can lead to a jaw fracture after tooth extraction is crucial. It helps patients and medical professionals alike in preventing potential complications and ensuring a successful dental procedure.

The Role of Dental Anatomy and Pathologies

Dental anatomy plays an integral role in the likelihood of developing a jaw fracture after tooth extraction. Certain anatomical features, such as thin or weak mandibles, are more prone to fracture risks, especially among males due to specific bone presentation population characteristics. In addition, pathologies like periodontal disease may further weaken the jawbone structure, leading to possible complications post-extraction.

Moreover, pathologies in multi-rooted teeth or a deeply impacted tooth will present unique challenges due to their complex root structures, requiring careful surgical planning by experienced professionals. Research suggests that compromised oral health conditions significantly increase complication rates during dental procedures.

Impacted Teeth and Bone Removal

A deeply impacted tooth, which is often a lower wisdom tooth, may require invasive procedures involving bone removal, significantly increasing the risk of jaw fractures following surgery. This scenario could potentially lead to malocclusion and a host of other serious issues, including nerve damage. From what we have experienced, the highest incidents of these types of complications arise from wisdom tooth extractions more often than with extractions of other teeth.

Dental Surgeon's Role In Preventing Jaw Fractures

A skilled dental surgeon takes into account several variables including the patient's dental anatomy characteristics, their own surgical history, and underlying conditions, like osteoporosis or other bone issues, which might predispose someone towards suffering a jaw fracture after tooth extraction. By doing so, a surgeon or dentist can minimize potential risks without compromising treatment outcomes.

Key Takeaway: 

Dental anatomy can be a major factor in whether a person is at risk of a jaw fracture during a wisdom tooth extraction or during the extraction of any other tooth. Accordingly, a careful review of a patient's anatomy prior to attempting to extract teeth can drastically reduce incidents of a jaw fracture after tooth extraction.

Common Symptoms of Jaw Fracture After Tooth Extraction

There are many possible symptoms of a jaw fracture after tooth extraction. Any symptom should be taken very seriously, and your first move should be to seek immediate medical attention if you're experiencing symptoms of a broken or fractured jaw.

Difficulty Opening the Mouth

One of the most common symptoms of a jaw fracture after tooth extraction is difficulty opening the mouth. This condition, known as trismus, can be an early sign of a problem and should not be ignored.

Pain and Swelling

While some pain and swelling are expected after tooth extraction, excessive or prolonged discomfort could indicate a jaw fracture. This pain may be persistent and may intensify when moving the jaw.

Unusual Jaw Movement

Unusual jaw movement or a change in the way the teeth fit together can be a sign of a jaw fracture. Patients may notice that their bite feels "off" or that they're having difficulty chewing.

Bruising or Discoloration

Bruising or discoloration on the skin overlying the jaw area can also be a symptom of a jaw fracture. The bruising may extend to the neck or under the eyes.


Numbness or tingling in the lower lip, tongue, or chin may be experienced due to possible nerve damage associated with a jaw fracture. This symptom should be evaluated by a dental professional immediately.

Facial Deformity

In severe cases, a jaw fracture can result in noticeable facial deformity. This could present as an asymmetrical appearance, with one side of the face appearing different than the other.

Ear Pain

Sometimes, a jaw fracture can cause pain that feels like it's originating in the ear. This can be confusing, as it may be mistaken for an ear infection or other ear-related condition.

Difficulty Breathing or Swallowing

In rare cases, a fractured jaw can interfere with a person's ability to breathe or swallow normally. These are serious symptoms that require immediate medical attention.

Strategies to Manage Mandibular Fractures

Managing a mandibular (jaw) fracture involves a strategic approach that prioritizes patient comfort, restoration of function, and prevention of long-term complications. The process often includes the following steps:

Pain Management

Initially, a health professional may prescribe pain medications to alleviate discomfort associated with the fracture. Over-the-counter painkillers may be suggested for minor pain, while stronger prescriptions may be needed for severe fractures.


Immobilization, using bandages or straps, can be essential in encouraging the healing process. These measures help to keep the broken jaw in place and prevent further injury.


In certain cases, a dental surgeon may be required to operate to realign the jaw and ensure it heals correctly. This could involve the use of plates, screws or wires.


As the patient recovers, rehabilitation exercises under the guidance of a physical therapist may be necessary. These exercises can help restore normal jaw movement and alleviate stiffness that may have developed during the recovery period.

Legal Action

Should a jaw fracture be a result of dental malpractice, you may consider seeking legal advice. A Florida dental malpractice lawyer at our office can help evaluate your case and guide you through the legal process to seek compensation for any damages incurred.

Remember, prompt medical attention and follow-up care are crucial in addressing a jaw fracture. Any delay can lead to complications such as infection, difficulty eating, or even permanent facial deformity. 

Key Takeaway: 

Managing a jaw fracture after tooth extraction often involves immediate referral to a specialist and may require surgical intervention or conservative treatments based on patient's condition.

Legal Recourse For Dental Malpractice Victims

If you have experienced a jaw fracture after tooth extraction, it is important to not only receive medical attention, but you may also need to pursue legal action to recoup your medical expenses. A Florida dental malpractice attorney at our office can help guide you through the legal process effectively while ensuring your rights are protected.

It's not uncommon for dental blunders to cause significant harm, such as a broken jawbone due to tooth extraction. These cases typically involve intricate medical and legal considerations, which can make them challenging for victims to navigate independently. Additionally, the laws in Florida and other states are designed to discourage medical malpractice claims and protect doctors.

The initial step to taking legal action for dental malpractice is determining if the dentist was at fault. In general terms, this means proving that your dentist did not provide an acceptable level of care, sometimes called the "standard of care," which directly caused your injury. Some examples could be improper use of tools during lower wisdom tooth removal or failure in diagnosing potential risks before performing oral surgery involving deeply impacted teeth. Other times, a dentist simply applies excessive force and breaks the patient's jaw.

Damages Available in a Dental Malpractice Case Involving a Broken Jaw

Determining the value of a personal injury claim, specifically in cases of dental malpractice involving a broken or fractured jaw, can be complex. Several factors come into play:

  • Medical Expenses: The cost of treatment, including surgical procedures, hospitalization, dental restoration, and ongoing physical therapy.
  • Loss of Earnings: If the injury has resulted in time off work or impacted the ability to earn an income.
  • Pain and Suffering: This includes the physical discomfort and emotional distress experienced as a result of the injury.
  • Future Medical Costs: If the injury requires future medical attention or long-term care, these costs are factored in.
  • Loss of Life Quality: This considers how the injury has affected the individual's day-to-day life, hobbies, and overall enjoyment of life.
  • Punitive Damages: These are awarded in cases where the dentist’s conduct was particularly negligent or harmful.

The damages available in each case will vary, depending on the facts involved. 

Finding Legal Representation

To successfully pursue a dental malpractice, it's crucial to have a Florida dental malpractice lawyer by your side that understands dentistry. The Florida dental malpractice attorneys at our office have successfully handled a wide variety of dental malpractice claims in multiple states. We're happy to help you and fight for the justice you deserve.

Key Takeaway: 

If you've suffered a jaw fracture after tooth extraction, it could be dental malpractice. You have rights under Florida law to seek compensation for medical expenses, lost work, and other damages. Navigating the medical malpractice laws in Florida can be tricky, and a Florida dental malpractice attorney at our office is here to help you.

Finding The Right Lawyer For Your Case

When it comes to navigating the medical malpractice laws in Florida after a jaw fracture that resulted from a tooth extraction procedure, securing a lawyer that understands dentistry is of paramount importance. Your Florida dental malpractice lawyer will be your advocate and guide through complex processes while ensuring that your rights are protected every step of the way.

Check the Reviews

Reviews are a great place to start. There are many resources out there, like Google and others, that will give you insight into how a law firm treats its clients. 

Do You Get a Direct Line of Communication to Your Attorney?

Clear communication between attorney and client is paramount. A law firm that ignores you or puts you in touch with customer service people instead of attorneys should quickly inform you that you're dealing with a mill. In other words, you're dealing with a firm that treats law like a big box store, and their goal is to minimize their attorneys' time with clients to maximize profits.

Evaluating Communication Skills

During preliminary meetings, observe how effectively potential lawyers explain legal concepts to you because this could indicate their ability to communicate throughout proceedings. A person who can't communicate with you won't be able to communicate with the insurance company or the jury. Thus, you need to ensure that your attorney is a great communicator. 

We Don't Get Paid Unless We Win

At our law firm, we handle most cases on a contingency fee basis. This means that you pay no upfront costs, and we take the risk on your case. In other words, we don't get paid unless we recover money for you.  

To conclude, finding suitable representation requires careful consideration taking into account factors such as specialty area, relevant experience, communication skills, fee structure, etc. Hence, thorough research coupled with consultation meetings becomes invaluable during the selection process, ensuring the eventual choice aligns perfectly with individual needs and circumstances, giving the best chance at achieving favorable results in a lawsuit against responsible parties.

Key Takeaway: 

Choosing the right lawyer for a dental malpractice case is critical. Consider a lawyer's reviews, communication skills, responsiveness, and fee structure. Use resources like Google to determine what past clients think about the lawyer.

FAQs in Relation to Jaw Fracture After Tooth Extraction

Q1: Can a tooth extraction cause a jaw fracture?

A1: Yes, although rare, jaw fractures can occur during or after tooth extractions, especially in cases of impacted lower wisdom teeth.

Q2: How do I know if my jaw is fractured after tooth extraction?

A2: Symptoms may include sharp pain, altered sensation in the lower jaws, observable malocclusion, and sudden loosening at the extraction site.

Q3: How long does it take for the jawbone to heal after tooth extraction?

A3: Jawbone healing post-extraction typically takes 6-8 weeks. However, complete healing and remodeling of the bone can take up to six months.

Q4: Can a jaw fracture heal on its own?

A4: Generally, jaw fractures require immediate medical attention and sometimes surgery for proper alignment and healing.